The National Congregations Study finds that 14 percent of primarily white congregations reported no minorities in their midst last year, compared with 20 percent in 1998.
- The percentage of primarily white congregations reporting at least some blacks rose from 27 percent in 1998 to 36 percent.
- Those reporting some Hispanics rose from 24 percent to 32 percent.
- Worship is also "more informal and more enthusiastic by every measure," Prof. Mark Chaves says, with more shouting, clapping and hands raised overhead in praise.
- Use of drums in worship jumped 70 percent from 1998.